Organizational Design refers to the process of aligning the structure of the organisation with its objectives, with the ultimate aim of improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the organisation. Organizational Design work can be triggered by the need to improve service delivery or specific business processes, or as a result of a new mandate. Organizational Design work includes more than designing a structure. It involves understanding the imperative for change and the environment, Understanding the business processes, workflows, roles and responsibilities, volumes of work, activity analysis and resources, Designing and testing new models or structures, Planning and managing the transition from the old structure to the new and Implementing and monitoring the change. Organizational Development may be seen as a planned, comprehensive and systematic process aimed at improving the overall effectiveness of the organisation. It involves intervening in the processes, structure and culture of the organisation. There is a strong emphasis on organizational behavior, human resource development and organizational change. Organizational design can be viewed as an organizational development intervention. Through this research paper we have reviewed the various relationships, structures, and designs of organization, which are counted as total control of human resource management (HRM).
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