Article Subject
Pharmacy
Abstract

Nosocomial infections (NIs) are most contributing factors affecting the patients during the hospital visit and has become challenging for the healthcare professionals, also increasing the health expenditure of the patient. There are number of factors affecting spread of infections such as advanced age, low immunity of body, surgical procedure, lack of cleaning facilities, overcrowding of people. The commonly found nosocomial infections, includes Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), neonatal infections,Catheter-associated urinary tract infections, Hemodialysis associated infections, Vancomycin-resistant Enterococci (VRE) infection, which are generally caused by S. aureus , S. epidermids, Streptococci, E. coli, Pseudomonas, Enterococci, Klebsiella Clostridium difficile, Escherichia coli, and Proteus mirabilis. The main infecting sites were found to be blood stream, urinary tract, respiratory tract, surgical
site. Better prevention methods should be made by healthcare authority and various treatment options should be used.

Keywords
S. aureus
S. epidermids
Streptococci
E. coli
Pseudomonas
Enterococci
Klebsiella Clostridium difficile
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